Sunday, April 28, 2013

Functional Text - Descriptive Texts. Describing something as well is that we often do, therefore the following article we will learn about the "Functional Text: Descriptive Texts". Discussion will include the definition, generic structure and also some examples of Descriptive Texts.

Definition of Descriptive Texts 

Descriptive text is a text which is telling about the characteristics of a particular thing, such as person’s characteristics or description.

A descriptive text is basically aimed at giving information to the readers about characteristic features of a thing, person, or animal. Descriptive texts often use neutral and objective language. The present tense is mostly used in descriptive texts. The past tense is also used to describe an object that does not exist anymore.

Examples of Functional Text: Descriptive Texts 

Here is an example of how descriptive text is.
The Rising Stars

The success of Harry Potter movies has made Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson, and Rupert Grint the centre of public attention. The three rising stars have grown up on screen and grown into his or her role as an actor.

Daniel Jacob Radcliffe was born in Fulham, London, 23 July 1989. His nickname is Dan. He is the only child of Alan Radcliffe and Marcia Gresham. Dan has dark brown hair and blue eyes. His height is about 168 cm. He is a loyal, shy, down-to-earth, and humorous person. He is also intelligent and somewhat mysterious. He loves football, Formula One racing and gymnastics.

Emma Charlotte Duerre Watson was born in Paris, France, 15 April 1990. Her nickname is Emma. She is the daughter of Chris Watson and Jacqueline Luesby. She lived in Paris until the age of five before she moved with her mother and younger brother Alexander to Oxford, England. Emma has wavy brown hair. Her height is 165 cm. She is a generous, friendly, and determined person. She also said that she is a little bit stubborn. Emma loves dancing, singing, tennis and art.

Rupert Alexander Grint was born in Hertfordshire, England, 24 August, 1988. His nickname is Rupert. He is the oldest son of Nigel Grint and Jo Parsons. Rupert has bright red hair.

His height is 180 cm. He is an active and humorous person. He’s also very humble. However, he is the shyest of the three Harry Potter co-stars. Rupert is arachnophobia. It means that he is afraid of spiders. He likes all kinds of music, but his favorite is classic rock and roll. His favorite school subject is Chemistry.

These Hogwarts trio have been really good friends, not only on screen but also in real life. Their secret of friendship is that they always understand each other although they have different backgrounds and personalities.
Adapted from: http://www.wikipedia.org
The text above is a descriptive text. Basically, the aim of a descriptive text is to give information to the readers by making them see, hear, feel, etc. what is described in the text.

A descriptive text focuses on the characteristic features of a person, an animal, or a particular thing. Descriptive texts often use neutral and objective language. The present tense is mostly used in descriptive texts. The past tense is also used to describe an object that does not exist anymore.

Source:
PRIYANA, Joko dkk. 2008 BSE. Interlanguage: English for Senior High School Students X: SMA/MA Kelas XI Jakarta: Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional
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